Sabtu, 02 Juli 2011

Glossary of English Grammar Terms

Active Voice
In the active voice, the subject of the verb does the action 
(eg They killed the President). See also Passive Voice.

A word like big, red, easy, French etc. An adjective describes
a noun or pronoun.

A word like slowly, quietly, well, often etc. An adverb modifies a verb.

The "indefinite" articles are a and an. The "definite article" is the.

Auxiliary Verb
A verb that is used with a main verb. Be, do and have are auxiliary verbs.
Can, may, must etc are modal auxiliary verbs.

A group of words containing a subject and its verb 
(for example: It was late when he arrived).

A word used to connect words, phrases and clauses 
(for example: and, but, if).

The basic form of a verb as in to work or work.

An exclamation inserted into an utterance without grammatical
connection (for example: oh!, ah!, ouch!, well!).

Modal Verb
An auxiliary verb like can, may, must etc that modifies the main verb 
and expresses possibility, probability etc. It is also called 
"modal auxiliary verb".

Active Passive Voice

Active Voice : Kalimat aktif : Seperti yang kita ketahui,
dalam Bahasa Indonesia,bahwa arti dari kalimat aktif yaitu,
kalimat yang subjek-nya mengenai/ melakukan pekerjaan.
Dalam bahasa Indonesia, cirinya adalah kata kerja di awali dengan me-.

ex : Windy brings the books to the library.
bring merupakan kata kerja bentuk pertama , yang menerangkan bahwa
Windy sebegai subject melakukan pekerjaaan, yaitu membawa buku-buku. 
Saya rasa tidak perlu dijelaskan lagi, karena sangat mudah, struktur-struktur kalimatnya, seperti pada tense biasa.

Passive Voice : Kalimat Pasif : yaitu kalimat yang subjectnya 

Kamis, 30 Juni 2011

Contoh Kalimat yang terdapat Conjunction (2)

1. Though/Although/Eventhough
- Though he had no qualification, he got the job
- Despite of having no qualification, he got the job
- Although it was windy, he continued the cruise
- Inspite of the wind, he continued the cruise
2. As/For/Because/Since
- The days were short , as it was not December

- The days were short, because of not December
3. As/When/While
- My father came while I was studying
- As a student, he knows a lot of knowledge

Contoh Kalimat yang terdapat Conjunction (1)

- Besides doing the cooking, I look after the garden
- Besides this house, Ratna has a beach home
- Besides being good at sport, Sutrisno is good student
- Ratna doesn't want to go there, besides she has already been there
- I can't go now. I am busy. Besides my passport is out of date
2. However


Conjunction adalah kata penghubung antara 2 kalimat atau lebih.
Berikut merupakan penjelasan dari Conjunction :

macam-macam conjunction :


Mempunyai makna yang sama dengan 'in addition' yang berarti 
'lagipula', 'selain' yang berfungsi menambah informasi.
Kata ini mengawali noun/pronoun/gerund.


however artinya 'namun demikian','bagaimanapun juga' 
mengawali kata keterangan/ sifat/ klausa. Pernyataan yang diawali 
'however' berkontradiksi dengan pernyataan lainnya. 
Kata 'but' dan 'nevertheless' memiliki arti yang sama pada saat
mengawali sebuah kalimat.


artinya >> 'sebaliknya', 'jika tidak', untuk menyatakan :
kemungkinan akibat yang tidak diharapkan kalau pernyataan